Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder in which a person suffers from hygiene to such an extent that he or she becomes obsessed with his or her actions, and this process is considered to be the most common۔ According to a conservative estimate, 2% of the world’s population is affected by the disease, i.e. 1 out of every 50 people is affected by the disease.
Symptoms of OCD
Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a condition in which people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, thoughts or feelings (washing, checking or cleaning, can significantly interfere .Many people without OCD have disturbing thoughts or repetitive behaviors. However, these thoughts and behaviors do not affect everyday life in general. For people with OCD, thoughts are constant, and behaviors are tough. Failure to do so usually leads to major problems. Many people with OCD know or suspect that their obsessions are unrealistic. But these people have no justification for such attitudes.
Excessive or hand washing, bathing, brushing teeth, or frequent cleaning of household utensils. Arranging or arranging items in a certain way. Repeatedly checking locks, switches, or appliances. Repeatedly counting a certain number in search of reassurance. Fear of being polluted by people or the environment. Disturbing sexual thoughts or images. Fear of losing or giving up something important Compulsive compulsions are repetitive behaviors or mental actions that a person feels motivated to perform in response to an obsession.
How to Diagnose OCD?
Even if they know their obsessions aren’t realistic, people with OCD have a hard time getting away from obsessive thoughts or coercing actions. Diagnosis of OCD requires the presence of obsessions and / or compulsions that are time consuming (more than an hour a day), cause significant anxiety, and impair work or social functioning. OCD affects women than men. OCD often begins in childhood, adolescence, or early adolescence.
Obsession is a recurring and persistent thought, impression or image that causes disturbing emotions such as anxiety or hatred. Many people with OCD recognize that thoughts, movements, or images are a product of their brain and are excessive or irrational. However, the problem cause by these interfering thoughts cannot be solve by logic or reasoning. Most people with OCD try to reduce the pain of obsession with compulsion, ignore or suppress the obsession, or divert their attention from other activities.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Treatment
Cognitive Behavior Therapy An effective treatment is a type of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) call exposure and reaction prevention. During treatment sessions, patients encounter frightening situations or images that focus on their obsession, initially increasing anxiety. Patients are advise to refrain from performing their usual coercive behavior. By living in a horrible situation without any horrible incident, patients learn that their frightened thoughts are mere thoughts rather than reality. People learn that they can deal with their obsessions without relying on formal behaviors, and their anxiety decreases over time.
Some people with OCD (especially those with limited insight into their illness) may not be willing to participate in CBT because it causes early anxiety.
Medications A class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), commonly used to treat depression, may also be effective in treating OCD. The SSRI dose used to treat OCD is usually higher than the dose used to treat depression. Patients who do not respond to an SSRI medication sometimes respond to another medication. Other psychiatric medications may also be effective.
Significant benefits usually take six to twelve weeks. Treatment of patients with mild to moderate OCD symptoms usually depends on the patient’s preferences. The patient’s level of cognitive and insight, the presence or absence of relevant psychological conditions. And the availability of treatment with either CBT or medication. It is recommend that patients with severe OCD symptoms receive both CBT and medication.
OCD is Curable disorder. If the OCD patient is tell that this is actually the result of the wrong chemicals and signals transmit from the brain. Then it is very possible that they will be help a lot in overcoming this habit.