The federal budget for 2022-23
In the federal budget for 2022-23, the government has allocated Rs. 90.556 billion for Education Affairs and Services, a fall of roughly 1.5 percent from the revised allocation of Rs. 91.970 billion for the current fiscal year.
Pakistan’s public education spending as a proportion of GDP is expected to be 1.7 percent in the fiscal year 2021-22, down from 1.9 percent the previous fiscal year, the lowest in the region.
In budget 2022-23, Rs. 74.609 billion set aside for Tertiary Education Affairs and Services, accounting for 83 percent of the total allocation under this heading.
For 2022-23, the government has set aside Rs. 3.786 billion for pre-primary and primary education, compared to Rs. 3.021 billion in 2021-22, Rs. 8.863 billion for secondary education affairs and services, compared to Rs. 7.632 billion in 2021-22, and Rs. 2 billion for administration, compared to Rs. 1.915 billion in 2021-22, which later revised to Rs. 2.028 billion.
Education has been decentralized to provinces following the 18th Amendment, with the federal government primarily funding higher education.
According to budget documents, the Higher Education Commission (HEC) will get Rs. 44.174 billion under the Public Sector Development Programme (PSDP) in 2022-23, compared to Rs. 42.450 billion in 2021-22, which later reduced downward to Rs. 26.338 billion. Under the heading of expenditure, another Rs. 65 billion set aside for HEC.